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Name

Origin

Persona/Narrative

Object

Andromeda

Greek

Daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia of Aethiopia; given as a sacrifice to appease Poseidon, but rescued from the sea monster, Cetus, by Perseus.

Constellation & galaxy

Callisto

Greek

Nymph and daughter of Artemis and King Lycaon of Arcadia; tricked into breaking her vow of chastity by Zeus disguised as Artemis; her son by Zeus was Arcas. As punishment, she was transformed into a bear by Juno. Later when the adult Arcas was about to kill his mother while hunting, Zeus transformed them respectively into the constellations of Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.

Moon of Jupiter

Ceres

Roman

Goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility, and motherly love. Her Greek counterpart was Demeter.

Dwarf planet

Eris

Greek

Goddess of turmoil, conflict and strife; her Roman counterpart was Discordia.

Dwarf planet

Haumea

Hawaiian

Goddess of fertility and childbirth; mother of other gods, including Pele.

Dwarf planet

Hera

Greek

Sister and wife of Zeus, Hera was queen of the gods, and goddess of women and marriage. The cow, cuckoo, peacock, pomegranate, and poppy capsule were associated with her. Her Roman equivalent was Juno.

Asteroid

Jupiter

Roman

God of the sky and thunder, and king of the gods; the thunderbolt, eagle and oak tree were his symbols. His Greek counterpart was Zeus.

Planet

Makemake

Polynesian

God of fertility, and creator of humanity.

Dwarf planet

Mars

Roman

God of war, and protector of agriculture; the woodpecker and wolf were sacred to him. His Greek counterpart was Ares.

Planet

Greek bronze statue of Zeus

Greek bronze statue of Zeus, dated to ca. 460BC

Greek bronze statue of Zeus

From the Early classical period, it was retrieved from an ancient shipwreck off Cape Artemision, Greece

Name

Origin

Persona/Narrative

Object

Mercury

Roman

Son of Jupiter, messenger of the gods, and god of trade, merchants, and travel. His festival, the Mercuralia, was celebrated on May 15. His Greek counterpart was Hermes.

Planet

Neptune

Roman

God of water and of the sea; horses were sacred to him. His festival, the Neptunalia, was celebrated on July 23. His Greek counterpart was Poseidon.

Planet

Pluto

Greek

God of the mineral wealth of the earth, and of the Underworld. In his more fearsome aspect, he was also known as Hades. Eventually, Hades became synonymous with the Underworld. His Roman counterpart was Dis Pater.

Dwarf planet

Saturn

Roman

Father of Jupiter; god of agriculture, liberation, wealth, and time. His festival, the Saturnalia, was celebrated in December, and was a time for feasting, free-speech, gift-giving, and revelry; a celebration to mark the winter solstice, the end of the year, and the beginning of a new one.

Planet

Tethys

Greek

One of the Titans (born of Uranus and Gaea); goddess of the waters of the world; sister and wife of Oceanus; mother of the major rivers known to the Greeks, including the Nile; her multitude of daughters were Oceanids. She was invoked in Greek literature, but not venerated as a cult.

Moon of Saturn

Triton

Greek

Fish-tailed son of Poseidon and Amphitrite; Poseidon's messenger; his special emblem was the twisted conch shell which he blew either to calm or to agitate the sea.

Moon of Neptune

Uranus

Greek

God of the sky, son and husband of Gaea; some of their offspring were the Titans. His Roman equivalent was Caelus.

Planet

Venus

Roman

Goddess embodying beauty, romantic love, sexuality, fertility, prosperity, and victory; bringer of happiness to gods and humanity alike. Mythological mother of the Roman people, through her son Aeneas who survived the fall of Troy. Julius Caesar's family claimed descent from her. Her Greek counterpart was Aphrodite.

Planet

Vesta

Roman

Virgin goddess of the hearth, home, family, and the city of Rome. Her symbol was the sacred fire that was burned in her temples and never allowed to be extinguished. She was served by Rome's only full-time college of priestesses, the Vestal Virgins.

Asteroid

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