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Greek rendering of the Egyptian god Apep (also spelt Aapep, or Apepi). Whereas Ra, the solar deity, was regarded as the bringer of light and upholder of Maat (truth and universal order), Apep was the deification of all that was evil, darkness and chaos. Apep was represented as a giant snake, and his titles included Snake of the Nile and Enemy of Ra, among others.




Goddess of the oracle of Dodona in Epirus, and a female Titan, born of Uranus and Gaea; or as Hesiod claimed, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Dione was beloved by Zeus, and their offspring was the goddess Aphrodite.

Moon of Saturn



Io was a beautiful maiden princess of Argos who was courted by Zeus. To hide his attentions to her from Here, Zeus blanketed the world in cloud. Suspicious, Here dispersed the clouds, and Zeus was forced to hide Io by transforming her into a beautiful white cow. Suspecting that the cow was really Zeus' lover, Here asked for it as a gift, a request that Zeus could not refuse. To thwart Zeus, Here had Io watched and guarded by the hundred-eyed watchman, Argus Panoptes. However, Hermes, disguised as a shepherd, lulled Argus Panoptes into a deep sleep and slew him. Io was set free, but was forced by Here to wander the world for many years. The Ionian Sea and the Bosphorus (meaning 'ford of the cow') are named after her. Eventually Io reached the Nile in Egypt and was transformed into human form again. She bore Zeus a son, Epaphus, forefather of the great hero Heracles.

Moon of Jupiter



Kassandra was the very beautiful and much admired daughter of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy. She had the gift of foresight, but, on spurning the amorous attentions of Apollo, the god cursed her so that none of her prophesies would be believed, although they were true. She warned her fellow citizens about the danger of accepting the Trojan Horse, but her warnings were unheeded. During the sack of Troy by the Greeks, she sought refuge in the Temple of Athene, but was raped, and ended up being taken by King Agamemnon to Greece. There, both were murdered by Agamemnon's wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover Aegisthus.




Pallas Athene was the virgin patroness of the city state of Athens, and goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, just warfare, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, strategy, the Arts, crafts and skills (in particular carpentry, pottery, and weaving). Whereas Ares was associated with violence, bloodlust, and the raw force of war, Pallas Athene represented disciplined, strategic warfare. The Parthenon built on the Acropolis of Athens is dedicated to her. The spear, distaff, aegis (goatskin shield), serpent (symbol of perpetual renovation), owl, and the olive tree were sacred to her. Her Roman counterpart was Minerva.


Dione, moon of Saturn

Saturn's moon

Pallas Athene

Bronze statue of Pallas Athene,
340-330 BC

Io, moon of Jupiter

The moon Io casting its shadow on Jupiter

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